You can ride a peddle assisted electric bike if you’re 14 years of age or over, as long as it meets certain requirements.
These electric bikes are known as ‘electrically assisted pedal cycles’ (EAPCs). You do not need a licence to ride one and it does not need to be registered, taxed or insured.
An EAPC must have pedals that can be used to propel it.
It must show either:
It must also show either:
Its electric motor:
An EAPC can have more than 2 wheels (for example, a tricycle).
If a bike meets EAPC requirements it's classed as a normal pedal bike. This means you an ride it on cycle paths and anywhere else pedal bikes are allowed.
Any electric bike that does not meet the EAPC rules is classed as a motorcycle or moped and needs to be registered and taxed. You’ll need a driving licence to ride one and you must wear a crash helmet.
An electric bike must be type approved if either:
This should have been done by the manufacturer or importer before you bought it. If it’s been type approved, it will have a plate showing its type approval number.